ITALIAN CENSUS 2011
In Italy the population census takes place every 10 years, and the last has just been made in the end of 2011. The “General Census of Population and Housing” is the main statistic surveys entrusted, on the basis of a legislative decree, to the “ISTAT”. Its scope includes the collection of numerical information on population, housing (house numbers) and on buildings, in addition to counting the population it also analyzes its statistical character, and to a lesser extent also is made the analysis of the population temporarily present in the country. The National Institute of Statistics (ISTAT) is an Italian public research institution which carries out the census using a method known as classical (or conventional census), consisting in the delivery of a questionnaire for self-compilation.
In this fifteenth census, for the first time it has been possible to complete the questionnaire via ISTAT web site, or return it at any of the Italian Post office. These days, the Istat has published the first figures of this last census, while the final data will be available in the coming months.
59.464.644 persons living in Italy;
30.713.702 female (52 female per 100 people);
46% citizens is living to North, 19% to the centre and 35% to southern and isles;
8.092 towns (municipalities);
70% of these municipalities has a population lower than 5.000 habitants;
6.612.068 inhabitants in Rome, the most populated country;
30 the inhabitants of the less populated municipality;
12.311,7 the inhabitants of the most populated municipality;
0,2 square kilometers the size of the smallest country;
1307,7 square kilometers the most extended country (Rome);
2.468.900 more inhabitants compared with the last census;
2.4 the average components number of an Italian family;
6.34 the percent of aliens;
14.1763.371 the buildings number;
71.101 persons living in shacks, tents or roulettes.
3.331.605 people more than 2011 (+ 4, 3%). This do means nearly 333.000 new people per year.
In 2011 the aliens were 1,3 millions while now almost 3,77 millions: three times in 10 years and most of them not living in the biggest cities, without considering illegal immigrants. The number of families has increased, from 21.810.676 to 24.512.012, while the number of components decreased. Populations increase to the north and centre. In 2011, inactive people, those are not seeking employment but available to work, are 2 million 897 thousand, up 4.8% (+133.000) compared to 2010, more than three times the European average (+3.6%).