ITALIAN ELEMENTARY EDUCATION
What do children study in Italian elementary school?
In Italy, children aged from three to five attend nursery school or kindergarten, followed by primary school, called elementary school, which has a duration of five years, and for children aged 6 and above. In elementary school, upon request, parents can choose between “single teacher class” (one teacher for each classroom), or the “didactic module“, consisting of three or four teachers holder of a different subject area (linguistic-expressive mathematical-scientific, anthropological).
Most primary schools are “full time”, i.e. where the school day is divided over 40 hours per week, from Monday to Friday, 8 hours per day, and in these cases there is a school canteen.
In each class two co-owners teachers alternate in the morning and in the afternoon, with preset times and different discipline areas to teach. Education is based on the following disciplines:
Italian, English, History, Geography, Mathematics, Science, Technology and IT, Music, Art and Design, Physical Education and Catholic Religion, topics which, from the first year until the fifth, are step by step deepened.
With regard to the most important subjects:
Children who begin the first year of primary school are already able to read and write, but the teaching starts with giving more knowledge of Italian, through:
research and writing of words containing double consonants, plural forms of nouns (ending with the four vowels a, e, i, o, u), the use of adjectives and adverbs, time and manner of verbs, the creation of simple phrases that makes sense.
The study of Italian grammar is gradually deepened in subsequent years and, through reading, study of famous poetries and fictions, and subjecting elaboration of essays and recaps, to the pupil is given the opportunity to write more correctly in Italian.
In the first year of primary school, children should already be able to count and teaching begins with the arithmetic basic rules, through the memorization of multiplication tables, with the study and execution of the four algebraic operations (addition, subtraction, multiplication, division). During the five years, the child will know the basic principles of algebra and geometry, finishing the course with the knowledge of fractions, and binomials.
The study of human history begins with the prehistory and continues through the course of five years from the great civilizations up to the Roman.
The study of geography begins with the knowledge of landscapes and the concept of orientation until to study the physical and economic geography of Italy and its regions.
It starts with knowledge about elements, natural phenomena, passing from Animal Kingdom to the study of the human body.
It starts with the knowledge of common words until to be able to compose simple sentences and their translations.
At the end of the fifth years, children who are eligible to continue, pass to the next compulsory course of study, the lower secondary school (known as middle school) for a period of three years.