2013 Corruption Index
“Transparency International” is a non-governmental and non-profit organization, leader in the world for its actions to combat corruption and promote ethics. It is present in more than 90 countries, and since 2001 produces an annual report, “Global Corruption Report” (GCR), that offers an assessment of the state of corruption around the world. This publication brings together leading experts and practitioners to analyze current issues, identify new challenges and explore solutions in the field of corruption, through two indexes.
The “Corruption Perception Index” (CPI) – is an index that determines the perception of corruption in the public sector and politics in many countries around the world, giving each country a score ranging from 0 (highest corruption) to 100 (absence of corruption). It is a composite index, obtained on the basis of various interviews/research administered to experts in the world of business and prestigious institutions. The methodology is revised each year in order to be able to give an insight into increasingly reliable local realities. Searches are conducted by University or Study Centres, on behalf of Transparency International.
The “Bribe Payers Index” (BPI) – is the index of propensity to corruption and highlights the list of corrupt countries among the major industrialized nations, who despite having adopted laws that make it a crime to pay bribes to officials, the use of bribery to obtain contracts has not been yet eliminated.
IT’s survey is the largest and most comprehensive public opinion survey on the perception of the sources of corruption that has ever been undertaken. The 2013 Corruption Index measures the perceived levels of public sector corruption in 177 countries and territories. It’s a warning that the abuse of power, secret dealings and bribery continue to ravage societies around the world.
CORRUPTION PERCEPTIONS INDEX 2013: THE RESULTS
More than 2/3 of the 177 countries score below 50, on a scale from 0 (perceived to be highly corrupt) to 100 (perceived to be very clear). This demonstrates that a lot of countries still face the threat of corruption at all levels of government, from the issuing of a local permits to the enforcement of laws and regulations.
In the CPI 2013, Denmark and New Zealand tie for first place with a score of 91, followed by Finland and Sweden. This year, Afghanistan, North Korea and Somalia make up the worst performers, scoring just 8 points each. U.S. position in nineteenth place.
Data from: http://www.transparency.org