SPORT / HEALTH

All posts in the SPORT / HEALTH category

Marten Gasparini

Published July 5, 2013 by Tony

Kansas City Royals

Marten Gasparini

He did it, managed to fulfill his dream, baseball, his great passione.
Marten Gasparini is an Italian guy of only 16 years old who was born and living in Udine (Friuli), with an Italian dad and a Jamaican mom who was an athlete when young. Gasparini has long lived in London and speaks both English and Italian. On July 3, he flew to America, where baseball is a real institution, to become part of one of the professional teams of Major League Baseball, after signing a $ 1.3 million contract with the Kansas City Royals.
Marten Gasparini, shortstop, 182 cm high and 80 kilograms of weight, grew up in Italian Sultan Cervignano Tiger Baseball, which thanks to the work of the technical staff led by Tito Ricciarelli, continues to collect important successes. “Marten started with us in 2008, he was 11 years old and among eleven players that became part of the federal project to support Marten Gaspariniand stimulate the technical development of young talent in the national baseball” – says the president Ricciarelli. The company Friuli boasts seven athletes gone in the National squad.
Gasparini he joined the Italian baseball, which is located in Tirrenia, in May 2011, when he was 14, and  immediately noticed by the director Bill Holmberg, sure that thanks to his talent would have gone a long way. In 2012 he participated in the Under-15 World Cup in Chihuahua, Mexico, and in the under-18 World Cup in Seoul, South Korea, where he was noticed by Instructional talent scouts. Gasparini played with the Royals at the end of September, for a league preparatory reserved for younger players.
Everyone wanted him. Despite his young age, Marten is considered one of the world’s top prospects in baseball. In addition to the Kansas City Royals, there were other exceptional suitors as the LA Dodgers, Chicago Cubs and Mariners.
Many experts say that Gasparini is the best European promise they’ve ever seen, while the official site of Major League considers him to fourth place of international promises. The contract with the Royals is the highest ever signed by a major league team with a European player: the previous record was with the German Max Kepler, who in 2009 had signed with the Minnesota Twins for $ 800,000.
What can I say, congratulations Marten!

Marten Gasparini

Yvonne Buschbaum

Published April 5, 2013 by Tony

Yvonne buschbaum 

This is Yvonne Buschbaum,  the former Germanpole vaulter.

and who is he?

When in 2002, at age 22, Yvonne was competing with Yelena Isinbayeva for a place on the podium, her career seemed to presage a successful future. Bronze medal at the European Championships in Berlin, Vienna indoor silver ones. A magical time for the German athlete, already gold juniors.

ex yvonne buschbaum  exe yvonne buschbaum

Undoubtedly she is a cute girl, isn’t it? But look at the following picture now:

Balian Buschbaum 

It seems impossible, but this charming guy still is Yvonne Buschbaum!

After her last wonderful performance, 4 meters and 70 cm, and after some injuries she declared: “I want a sex change.”
“I have always lived in the wrong body….. I’m forced to be a woman, but I actually feel a man.”
Hormonal treatment begins, which will not allow her to participate in the Beijing Olympics, and in 2008 she announced that his new first name was “Balian“, like the character played by Orlando Bloom in the movie “Kingdom of Heaven” by Ridley Scott. Now he does not jump over the pole, but is a coach. At the last European Cup in Athletics in May, he was in the German team. In his website Buschbaum admits to being very happy. “I like this new life” he explains.

What can we say, congratulations to Yvonne and best wishes to Balian!

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EDISON CAVANI CRISIS

Published March 18, 2013 by Tony

THE MATADOR’S BAD TIME

Cavani and wife in Naples

There would be a marital crisis behind the last poor performance of Edinson Cavani, player of Napoli football team.

The news, revived by SkySport24, is making the rounds on all the Gossip websites.
The Uruguayan had not scored for eight games and had recently explained that he missed his family, which is in Uruguay, where his second son Lucas lately was born. But according to some gossip, the reason for the crisis would be another.
The Napoli striker would indeed be in crisis with his wife, who meantime would have even filed for divorce.

At the base of the break, a young Neapolitan girl, for which the Matador would have “lost his head” for quite some time now. It is said that Cavani in recent times is assiduously dating a twenty-two Neapolitan student, the daughter of a restaurateur, just known in the room where the player often goes to eat pizza.
The two were pinched in romantic outputs and their love story would also have been discovered by his wife, Maria Soledad, when she was in Naples, before giving birth to the second child. For this reason, she would have gone away. Back in Uruguay, and after giving birth, she would be looking for a lawyer willing to divorce.
According to some, this would be the explanation of Edinson’s bad time, who fortunately, during yesterday’s match Napoli-Atalanta, has finally “broken the ice” and returned to score.

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Madonna’s gym

Published February 21, 2013 by Tony

Hard Candy Fitness

A mega fitness center of 1,200 square meters divided into three levels, in the heart of Rome, in front of the Colosseum. In the capital the “Hard Candy Fitness“, the pop star Madonna’s gym was born, the first center in Europe, after the one in Mexico, Australia, Russia and Chile.

With five luxury rooms, one for the weights, one for anti-gravity suspended activities, one for spinning and a room for Madonna’s dance “floor concert”. The new ultra-luxury gym will open in Rome on May 26 and will be equipped with advanced equipment. You can experience the philosophy of Madonna’s fitness, with training programs that have as slogan the concept of “Harder is better“. As explained by Mike Apple, vice president of Hard Candy Fitness. <<Madonna began as a dancer, and her concerts are real shows. She trains every day, six days out of six, three hours a day, and proves and re-proves her choreography. She works very hard and thinks that the results can be got by sweating>>. The fifth exclusive spa, named like her 2008 album, comes to life through an agreement with the network of gyms “Dabliu“, Italian licensee of the brand founded by the queen of pop. Andrea Pambianchi, project manager of Hard Candy Fitness says: <<The relationship between Madonna and fitness is very clear, very strong. And her concerts are a proof. At the “Hard Candy Fitness” you will be able to try in exclusive the lessons “Addicted to Sweat” or the workout program that Madonna plays every day>>.
Who knows if Madonna will attend the opening ceremony.

HOMOSEXUALITY AND SPORT

Published February 7, 2013 by Tony

GAY FOOTBALL PLAYERS

pochos

In Naples, the first football team with gay players is born.
The idea came, more than a year ago, to a Neapolitan actor, George Sorrentino, a football fan, who, with the intent to organize a five-a-side football team, began to look for other gay players on social networks frequented by Neapolitan homosexuals.
After receiving more than thirty accessions, the actor was able to finally form a futsal team which he called “Pochos” (a word which means kids in Argentine), team which officially was presented yesterday during a presentation to the “Pinguin cafe” in Naples, with the presence of journalists, the head of Arci Gay sports of Naples and the presenter Cecchi Paone, who long ago had the courage to make a public coming out.
The name “Pochos” was chosen in honor of the former football player of Napoli Ezequiel Lavezzi, who was nicknamed the “pocho” by Napoli fans and that since he is playing in France, has been chosen as the sexiest player by a Ezequiel LavezziFrench gay magazine.
Beyond the sport, this initiative arises mainly because in the world of sport, and football in particular, sexuality is still taboo, with too many cases of homophobia around.
The same silence that usually circulates in racing circles, about the sexual orientation of the players, is indicative of fear and prejudice, someway a symptom of violence.
As Sorrentino says: “In football, players are afraid to declare their sexual inclinations. We do not want to fight prejudice, because otherwise we got ghettoized, but we want to play football with the participation of both gay and ethers, and convince everyone that when you score a great goal, the sexual orientation of those who scored it is not a matter.”
T-shirts, created for the occasion, will have drawn a stylized Vesuvio with a rainbow, in the hope of a “nice time” after the “storm”.

Diego Armando Maradona

Published February 6, 2013 by Tony

THE CASE MARADONA

Diego Armando Maradona’s debt for unpaid tax increases again. The Provincial Tax Commission of Naples, rejected as unacceptable an appeal by the football player, also condemned to pay the expenses of the delayed payment for a total of € 2000. The judgment has been filed on January 10 last year. Maradona’s lawyers had filed an appeal to challenge the “silent rejection” by which the tax authorities had accepted the request to cancel the folders former Napoli striker Football relating to non-payment of taxes in six different years, from1985 to 1990. In particular, it was alleged failure to notify the folders, the time-limits for the requirements and the invalidity of the notice of default.
Angelo Pisani, Maradona lawyer in dispute with the Italian tax authorities, says: “Who lost the appeal was not Maradona but the Inland Revenue. The judgment was filed on February 1 was written on purpose to make it look like we had lost. The truth is that the appeal of the Revenue was rejected and confirmed the judgment of the tax courts of ’94 who claimed that the tax assessments, against Naples football society and its player at the center of the dispute, were invalid. In short, Maradona was acquitted in the tax even if the investigation went on for the recovery of sums alleged by the Italian public company in charge of the collection of national taxes.”

The player can not visit Italy, but for years now he wants to return, back to Naples, where hundreds of fans are waiting for him with open arms, and most recently, in an interview, he also released a video addressing Napolitano, the President of the Italian Republic.
I ask to Italian politicians to see clearly what is behind all this. I did not steal anything, there is no evidence to prosecute me. If I’ve been wrong, it was for other things”.


But for those who do not know him, let’s see what and who Maradona is.

Today Diego Armando Maradona is an Argentine football coach but, once was a famous football player nicknamed “El Pibe de Oro”. Many experts, football critics, players, and football fans in general consider Maradona the greatest football player of all time. He is the only footballer to set world-record contract fees twice, firstly when transferring to Barcelona for a then world record £5m, and secondly, when transferred to Napoli for another record fee £6.9m. During his professional club career Maradona played for Argentinos Juniors, Boca Juniors, Barcelona, Napoli, Sevilla and Newell’s Old Boys, but at club level, he is most famous for his career in Napoli football team.
Maradona is considered one of the sport’s most controversial and newsworthy figures. He was suspended from football for 15 months in 1991 after failing a drug test, for cocaine, in Italy, and his outspoken manners have sometimes put him at odds with journalists and sport executives.
At Napoli, Maradona reached the peak of his professional career (from 1984 to 1991). He quickly became an adored star among the club’s fans, and in his time there he elevated the team to the most successful era in its history. Led by Maradona, Napoli won their only Serie A Italian Championships in 1986/87 and 1989/1990, placing second in the league twice, in 1987/88 and 1988/89. Other honors during the Maradona era at Napoli included the Coppa Italia in 1987, (second place in the Coppa Italia in 1989), the UEFA Cup in 1989 and the Italian Supercup in 1990. Maradona was the top scorer in Serie A in 1987/88.
During his time in Italy, Maradona’s personal problems increased. His cocaine use continued, and he received US $70,000 in fines from his club for missing games and practices, ostensibly because of ‘stress’. He faced a scandal there regarding some illegitimate sons; and he was also the object of some suspicion over an alleged friendship with the Camorra.
Later on, in honor of Maradona and his achievements during his career at Napoli, the #10 jersey of Napoli was officially retired. Maradona was dominantly left-footed, often using his left foot even when the ball was positioned more suitably for a right-footed connection. One of Maradona’s trademark moves was dribbling full-speed on the right wing, and on reaching the opponent’s goal line, delivering accurate passes to his teammates. Another trademark was the Rabona, a reverse-cross pass shot behind the leg that holds all the weight.
In 1999, he won FIFA Player of the Century award which was to be decided by votes on their official website, their official magazine and a grand jury. Maradona won the Internet based poll by wide margins, garnering 53.6% of the votes against 18.53% for Pelé.

In Argentina and Naples, the champion is indicated as a symbol and hero of the sport because of its humble origins and its original low social status: in spite of the multiple gains did not lose the ways of expressing and the vocabulary specific to the fringe of the less well-off population. To this was added his stand against the “strong-powers”, especially with the Neapolitans who saw him as a representative of “oppressed” in Southern Italy that fought against the “dominance” of the rich teams in the North. It was for this reason, not only for his achievements in the fields of football Maradona was practically worshiped by both Argentinians and Neapolitans.

Over the years, Maradona has been involved in various legal proceedings, partly resolved out of court. Those that have had more prominence are definitely related to different paternity, but several were those for drugs, assault and economic issues.

“I want to become the idol of the poor children of Naples, because they are like I was in Buenos Aires”.
(Maradona said on 5 luglio1984 at the official presentation at the San Paolo stadium in Naples)

Religious display of Maradona in Naples

In 2000, the Napoli football team decided that never again a player would wear a shirt with the number 10 belonged to Maradona. But in 2004, due to the regulation on the number of T-shirts, the team, however, was forced to reprint the shirt with that number.
When Maradona had left the city of Naples, emerged other economic problems with the Italian tax authorities, who accused him of evading taxes during the last two years of stay in Naples. It is said that the leaders of Naples football team did signed players two contracts, one for players and one for image rights, and this procedure was seen by Italian Finance Police as tax evasion. Having regard to the Italian law that provides for the increase in arrears with the passing of the years, a judgment of the Supreme Court in February 2005 condemned the player to pay 31 million euro. In May 2008, reached the figure of € 34 million due to the accumulated interest. In March 2009 Italian officials announced that Maradona still owed the Italian government €37 million in taxes; €23.5 million of which was accrued interest on his original debt. In this regard, the Italian Finance Police seized his fee of € 3 million received in 2005 for taking part in an Italian TV program, also in 2006, at a charity event in Naples,were seized two Rolex watches gold worth 10,000 euro. In September 2009, during his last stay in Italy, were further seized two diamond earrings valued at € 4,000.

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SEXUAL ORGANS ANATOMY

Published February 3, 2013 by Tony

 

HUMAN GENITALIA

SEXUAL ORGANS DEEPENING


I’m sure most people, and young especially, are not very familiar with our organs and their functioning. Our body is a masterpiece difficult to conceive, just think of our brain and mind to realize this. But beyond complex or internal organs on which you do not need in-depth knowledge, we all should know a little about sexual organs, our reproductive organs we see and use every day. Not being gynecologists or urologists, there is no need to go into detail, and beyond some scientific detail or strange name, we should understand how these organs work, to be then able to understand their possible dysfunction.
I will examine both male and female sexual organs, simply telling the most important things, and I hope that for you who follow me the reading will be fluent and interesting. As well as I hope that the images, necessary in these cases, do not disturb anyone, convinced that in 2013 no one should feel embarrassed or troubled anymore by such images. [Click on any image to magnify it].
In most “civilized” human societies, genitals are considered a public indecency and sometimes even illegal if left uncovered in public. It ranges from prohibition of exposure of genital areas, buttocks and female breasts. In some Islamic countries the exposure of any part of the female body is even considered indecent. If sexual acts are performed, with or without an element of nudity, this can be considered a public indecency, which may be a more serious criminal offense. Presently, public nudity isn’t permitted in any country and in some states it is only allowed on specific sites that have been assigned by the local authorities. I realize that the post is long because too many things to say, but you can read it a little at a time, if you really are determined to learn more.
As always, I remain at your disposal for any question or friendly comment.

Female Genitals


EXTERNAL PARTS: VULVA

Female Tanner StagesThe term “VULVA” refers to the external part of the VAGINA that has major and minor anatomical structures including:

mons pubis
labia majora
labia minora
clitoris
vulval vestibule
opening of the vagina

Let’s take a look at each of these parts now.

Mons pubis
monsalso known as “mons veneris” or “mound of Venus”, is the adipose tissue lying above the pubic bone (pelvis), the area where during puberty hair start to grow. Its size is depending by genetic factors and body fat. It’s an erogenous zone because from it take form the “larger lips”, the most external organ of the vagina called labia major.

Labia majora
Labium major(nicknamed camel toe), is part of vulva like two long lips that have the purpose to protect the vagina, in fact around them we also find hair. They extend from the mound till perineum, where somevulva_shape centimeters after come the anus. Depending on personal characteristic, the labia major can be more or less open and with different shape, size and color. A 2004 research says that average length ranges within 7.0 – 12.0 cm. A little bit inside from these lips, to either side of the opening of the vagina, develop other two smaller lips, the labia minora.

Labia minora
Labium minoror inner labia, are another protection for the vagina opening. These inner two flaps of skin also change in size and shape from woman to woman and, either can be absent or fleshy/long till to appear outside labia major. A 2004 research says that average length ranges from 2 -10 cm. The inner skin of these labia forms a small cavity called vestibule. In the upper part of the vestibule is the clitoral hood, followed by the femaleLabium minor_big urethral orifice, while almost in middle is the vulval vestibule with the vaginal opening (vagina), the orifice used for sexual penetration (although these holes are very close with one another, the urethral orifice is too small for man to get a wrong target!)   Mons together labia major and minor are the main responsible of the external shape of the pussy.

Clitoris
Clitoris_inner_anatomyis the human female’s most sensitive erogenous zone and the primary source of female sexual pleasure. Clitoris and penis have generally the same anatomical structure, although the opening of the urethra is absent in the clitoris of humans and therefore not used for urination. In fact, during the fetal development the clitoris forms from the same tissues that become the penis in male. The visible button-like portion, called  glans (head),  near the front junction of the inner lips, above the opening of the urethra, is what people generally refers when talking about clitoris. The glans of the clit is roughly the size and shape of a pea, and has more sensory nerve endings than any other part of the female body, and for this it’s the key to female sexuality. A 2004 research says that its length ranges from 0.5 –3.5 cm. Instead, the whole clitoris is a complex structure, containing external and internal components:  glans, the frenulum clitoridis (a frenulum on the under-surface of the glans), the clitoral body or shaft (with the shaft being external and internal), the clitoral hood, two erectile bodies known as theVulva_labeled corpora cavernosa, two clitoral crura and the vestibular or clitoral bulbs. Although the glans is usually small, it can assume different shapes and sizes, with some woman in which it even appears as a small penis (clitoromegaly).
The clitoral body/internal shaft forms a wishbone-shaped structure containing the corpora cavernosa – a pair of sponge-like regions of erectile tissue which contain most of the blood in the clitoris during clitoral erection that usually happens during sexual arousal. The clitoris is rich in its capacity to receive sexual stimulation, which may be explored with a sexual partner or by masturbation. The sexual arousal coming through the clitoral stimulation brings the vaginal duct to lubricate and enlarge itself, predisposing it for a possible penis penetration. The most effective sexual stimulation of this organ is usually through direct stimulation by manual (fingering) or oral stimulation, although these areas may receive indirect physical stimulation during sexual activity (penile penetration), when man’s pubis rubbings and clitoromegaly.pushes also brings the clit to be stimulated someway. Penile-anal penetration may also indirectly stimulate the clitoris, either by the shared sensory nerves (especially the pudendal nerve or by the crura  extending beneath and along the labia minora back to the anus). Anyway, the direct stimulation gives back the highest pleasure, also if due to the glans’s high sensitivity, for a few women the direct stimulation becomes sometimes unfeasible. Usually, fingers that have been lubricated, either by vaginal lubrication or a personal lubricant, is  more pleasurable for the external anatomy of the clitoris. During sexual arousal, the vaginal contractions and the persistent vasocongestion eventually “set off a muscular reflex” which expels the blood that was trapped in surrounding tissues, and lead to an orgasm. And after fingering orgasm, unlike men, the clitoris even becomes more sensitive. The majority of women, 70 percent for general statistics, require direct clitoral stimulation to achieve a faster orgasm. The area near the entrance of the vagina (the lower third) contains nearly 90 percent of the vaginal nerve endings, and there are areas in the anterior vaginal wall and between the top junction of the labia minora and the urethra that are especially sensitive, but intense sexual pleasure and orgasm from vaginal stimulation is occasional because the vagina has significantly fewer nerve endings than the clitoris.

Opening of the vagina
orefice is the last visible part of the vulva, also if to see it often needs to keep open the labia. With it anatomically the vulva ends, and the vagina begins, i.e. the female sexual organs for reproductive purpose. This orifice is below and behind the opening of the urethra and its size varies inversely with that of the hymen. Undoubtedly, this orifice is the narrowest part of the vagina that wider as it goes in deeper through an average diameter that is less than one inch. Size changes when ready for intercourse and according to its size and elasticity, for some girls even inserting a tampon can be difficult, resulting a painful penile-penetration. 

INTERNAL PARTS: VAGINA
The female internal sexual and reproductive organs are:
Vagina
Hymen
Cervix
Uterus
Fallopian tubes
Ovaries

Let’s take a look at each of these parts now.

Vagina
anatomy_Vagina Vagina has insufficient nerve endings for sexual stimulation and orgasm, which is considered to make the process of child birth significantly less
vaginal ductpainful. The outer one-third of the vagina, especially near the opening, contains the majority of the vaginal nerve endings, making it more sensitive  Orgasm also known as sexual climax, is the sudden discharge of accumulated sexual tension during the sexual response cycle, resulting in rhythmic muscular contractions in the pelvic region characterized by an intense sensation of pleasure. Discussions of female orgasm are complicated by orgasms in women typically being divided into two categories: clitoral orgasm  Apart from the difficulty reaching orgasm after ample sexual penetrationstimulation (anorgasmia), significantly more common in women than in men, the amount of time for sexual arousal needed to reach orgasm is more variable and longer in women than in men. Masters and Johnson found that men took about 4 minutes to reach orgasm with orgasmtheir partners. Women took about 10–20 minutes to reach orgasm with their partners, but 4 minutes to reach Finally, the vagina also provides a path for menstrual blood and tissue to leave the body.


Hymen

Is a membranehymen_intactthat surrounds or partially covers the external vaginal opening. In children, at month 5 the vaginal canalization is complete and the fetal hymen is already formed although a common appearance of the hymen is crescent-shaped, many shapes are possible. At this age, the hymen is thick, pale pink, and redundant (folds in on itself and may protrude). By the time a girl reaches school age, the hymen becomes thin, smooth, delicate, and nearly translucent,intact & absent Hymen and can also become very sensitive to touch. Once a girl reaches puberty, the hymen tends to become very elastic. The effects of sexual intercourse and childbirth on the hymen are variable. If the hymen is sufficiently elastic, it may return to nearly its original condition. In other cases, there may be remnants, or it may appear completely absent after a penetration. The hymen may be lacerated by disease, injury, medical examination, masturbation or even physical exercise. For these reasons, it is not possible to definitively deflored_hymendetermine whether or not a girl or woman is a virgin (meaning no penile-penetration) by examining her hymen, given that  an intact hymen is socially highly valued to show virginity. Although  the hymen is usually flexible and can be torn during first engagement in vaginal intercourse, women can possess a thin very fragile hymens or a thick very tough one. In the first case, its laceration can lead no bleeding and without the girl even being aware of it. On the contrary, in some cases the break of the hymen is cause of abundant bleeding that can last long.  In one survey, only 43% of women reported bleeding the first time they had intercourse.

Cervix
cervix or the neck of the uterus, is the lower, narrow portion of the uterus where it joins with the top end of the vagina. It is cylindrical or conical in shape and protrudes through the upper anterior vaginal wall like an funnel, representing the end of the vaginal duct. Therefore, any long object or penis inserted, longer than vaginal’s duct, it will inexorably hit the cervix. The cervix has a very small opening to allow sperm or menstrual fluid to move through.

Uterus
uterus-of-human or womb, is a major female responsive reproductive sex organ. It is a pear-shaped muscular organ with the main function to accept a fertilized ovum (egg) which becomes implanted into the endometrium, then becoming later an embryo. In this case, the uterus provides for nourishment from blood vessels which develop exclusively for this purpose. In the absence of fertilization (by a spermatozoa), the egg does not embed
gestationin the wall of the uterus, and a female begins menstruation. If the ovum has been fertilize in the Fallopian tubes, it then becomes an embryo, attaches to a wall of the uterus, creates a placenta, and develops into a fetus (gestates) until childbirth. Due to anatomical barriers such as the pelvis, the uterus is pushed partially into the abdomen due to its expansion during pregnancy.

Fallopian tubes
Fallopian tubes
also known as oviducts, are two very fine tubes leading from the ovaries into the uterus that allows passage of the egg from the ovary to the uterus. On maturity of the ovum, the follicle and the ovary’s wall rupture, allowing the ovum to escape. The egg is caught by the fimbriated (fringelike) end and travels to the ampulla, where typically the sperm are met and fertilization occurs.  This second portion of the uterine tube is puffed-up and sunken to let sperms to be collected.The fertilized ovum, now a zygote, travels towards the uterus aided by activity of tubal cilia and activity of the tubal muscle. After about five days the new embryo enters the uterine cavity and implants about a day later.


Ovaries
ovary are two reproductive organs producing eggs (ovum) through a process called ovulation. For this reason, ovary can be considered analogous to testes in male individuals. The ovary (for a given side) is about the size and shape of an almond and located in the lateral wall of the pelvis which it is connected. Every month during ovulation, either the right or left ovary produces a single mature egg for fertilization. The ovum is one of the largest cells in the human body measuring approximately 0.12 mm in diameter. The few days near ovulation constitute the fertile phase for women. After ovulation, the egg only lives

ovum

for 24 hours or less without fertilization.  If no conception occurs, the uterine lining as well as egg and blood will be shed in menstruation (during menstrual cycle or period). In industrial societies, tampons, menstrual cups and sanitary napkins may be used to absorb or capture these fluids. Menstruation starts (with menarche) at or before sexual maturity (puberty) and ceases at or near menopause (commonly considered the end of a female’s reproductive life when ovary’s follicles stop producing ovum).

Male Genitals

EXTERNAL PARTS:
Male Tanne Stages
pubic region
penis
scrotum


Let’s take a look at each of these parts now.
Pubic region
Pubic Hair similar to female mons pubis, is located on and around the sex organs (crotch) which in male, though has no intrinsic sexual value, is considered an erotic zone, especially if covered with hair. In fact, it’s one of the most hairy male’s body part that start during puberty (pubarche).  Aside from the head, scientists’ common explanation on such a large development of hair (long and sparse) in this area, is to control the temperature which, especially for the testicles, should be less than that of the body.

Penis
is a reproductive organ that additionally serves as the urinal duct. It’s a intricate organ whose external part are:
shaft (body or corpus)
foreskin and shaft skin (epithelium)
glans
corona
urethra  orifice (meatus)


SHAFT
Different shaft/glans shapes The body is a fleshy appendix without internal bone, whose most part is inside the pubic region, and covered with cutaneous skin which from abdomen then differentiates along in foreskin and glans’s skin. It is devoid of hair having no hair follicles.  On the ventral underside of the shaft is visible a line or ridge of tissue that extends from the anus, through thperineal raphe e scrotum and till foreskin which is called perineal raphe.
On entering puberty, the penis, scrotum and  testicles will begin to develop. During the process, pubic hair grows above and around the penis. A large-scale study assessing penis size in thousands of 16–18 year old males found no difference in average penis size between 17 year olds and 19 year olds. From this, it can be concluded that penile growth is typically complete not later than age 17, and possibly earlier.
The variability in size due to arousal level, time of day, temperature, frequency of sexual activity, and reliability of measurement, gives back a childhood difficult measurement of the penis and thus we only can talk about average sizes. Besides, the size of the penis when in “normal” (flaccid, relaxed or non-tumescent) state is still more variable since the penis and scrotum can contract involuntarily in reaction to cold temperatures or nervousness. Anyway, a review of several studies found average flaccid length to be 8–10 cm (3.2–3.9 in) and a diameter of 3.2 cm (1.25 inches). Researchers conclude that flaccid penile puberty in progress length is just under 4 cm (1.6 in) at birth and changes very little until puberty when there is marked growth, apart a limited growth between birth and 5 years of age. It has been suggested that differences in penis size between individuals are caused mostly by genetics, though also environmental factors such as culture, diet, chemical/pollution exposure, can affect the size. The size during puberty internal morphology of the penis is made to produce erections, namely to bring the penis to increase in size and become a straight stiff appendix, for reproductive reasons.
Thus, an erection is the stiffening and rising of the penis, and this occurs during sexual arousal, though it can also happen in non-sexual situations. The primary physiological mechanism that Small Erect Penis brings about erection is the autonomic dilation of arteries supplying blood to the penis, which allows more blood to fill the three spongy erectile tissue chambers in the penis, causing it to lengthen and stiffen. The now-engorged erectile tissue presses against and constricts the veins that carry blood away from the penis. More blood enters than leaves the penis until an equilibrium is reached where an Big Erect Penis equal volume of blood flows into the dilated arteries and out of the constricted veins; so, a constant erectile size is achieved at this equilibrium. While results vary slightly across different studies, the consensus is that the average of fully erect penis ranges within 12,9 – 16 cm (5.1–  6.3 in) in length. Similar results exist regarding studies of the circumference of the adult fully erect penis, with the measurement taken mid-shaft. In three studies of penis size where measurements were taken in a laboratory setting, the range of average penis circumference when erect was 3.5 to 3.9 Process_of_penile_erection inches (8.9 to 9.9 centimetres).
When in erect state, the shaft usually tends to be thicker at the base becoming more thinned until the beginning of the “head”, a formation conical-shaped called the glans penis. Although many erect penises point straightly upwards, it is common and normal for the erect penis to point a little bit nearly vertically upwards or nearly vertically peyronies_disease downwards or even horizontally straight forward, all depending on the tension of the suspensory ligament that holds it in position. Anyhow, a curvature not bigger than 30° still can be considered normal. As the vulva, the erect penis may appear in different shapes, varying in diameter, length, bend, shape of the glans and body, where aside from size, is its body shape and the glans size to affect more.

FOSESKIN
Uncircumcised_and_circumcised_penis The skin covering the penis, very soft and supple, around the glans buy a different structure called foreskin or prepuce. As the most part of the shaft, the foreskin also is devoid of hair. It is a double-layered fold of skin and mucous membrane whose main purpose is to cover and protect the glans and the urinary meatus, when the penis is not erect,  but it is also an element co-operating during intercourse (penile-penetration), whose gliding movements (stretched-wrapped) helps arousal, adding comfort and pleasure of both parties. In fact, A_Foreskin_Retraction_Series foreskin is rich in specialized sensory nerve endings and erogenous tissue. The foreskin is (or should be) retractable over the glans. Like the eyelid, it is free to move after it separates from the glans, usually after birth or before puberty. Smooth muscle fibres keep it close to the glans but make it highly elastic. The foreskin is attached to the glans by a frenulum, which helps return the foreskin over the glans. This frenulum should be the right length to let prepuce go back and forth in an easy way. Many researchers believe that the presence of the foreskin made sexual penetration easier as an erogenous tissue necessary for normal sexual function. Well documented is the complex innervation of Short_foreskin the foreskin and frenulum, as the genitally intact male has thousands of fine touch receptors  (Meissner’s corpuscles) and other highly erogenous nerve endings giving back a sensory mucosa.
The preputial mucosa of the penis is the epithelium of the inside of the prepuce, or foreskin. To differentiate it from the cutaneous skin of the outside of the prepuce, it is sometimes referred to as the inner mucosa. It starts at the ridged band of the prepuce and continues to the coronal sulcus (groove behind the glans penis), where it meets the epithelium of the glans and penile shaft. In circumcised infants, the foreskin Long_foreskin no longer protects the meatal area of the glans; consequently, when wearing diapers, there may be greater risk of developing meatitis, meatal ulceration, and meatal stenosis. Finally, we must also consider that every part of our body, after thousands of years of evolution, has not been put there without a purpose and that it may not be unnecessary or superfluous. Foreskin length can vary from man to man with cases in which it is so short to hardly cover the glans or so abundant to fully cover the glans even during the erection. 

GLANS
well shaped glans is the sensitive bulbous structure at the distal end of the human penis. The glans penis is anatomically homologous to the clitoral glans of the female. The glans is also commonly referred to as the “head” of the penis, while common British slang terms include “helmet,” “knob end,” “popper” and “bell end”, all referring to its distinctive shape. It is generally completely or partially covered by the foreskin, except in men who have been fully circumcised. The circumference of the base of the glans forms a rounded projecting border, the corona glandis, overhanging a deep retro-glandular sulcus (the coronal Small glans due to phimosis sulcus), behind which is the neck of the penis. The proportional size of the glans penis can vary greatly. On some penises it is much wider in circumference than the shaft, giving the penis a mushroom-like appearance, and on others it is narrower and more akin to a probe in shape. The glans is the most sensory structure of the penis, containing a predominance of free nerve endings and numerous genital end bulbs. It has been suggested that the unique and unusual shape of the glans in humans has evolved to serve the function of “scooping” any remnant semen deposited by other rival males out of the deeper part of the vagina of a Corona_of_Glans_Penis female who may have recently copulated, and thereby decreasing the chance of the rival male from impregnating the female. Other theorists suggest that its distinctive shape evolved to heighten the sexual pleasure experienced by the female during vaginal intercourse. In this theory, the glans increases friction and tension at the mouth of the vagina by its additional girth and the dilating properties of its probe-like shape.

MEATUS
meatus At the summit of the glans is the slit-like vertical external urethral orifice.
In males, the expulsion of urine from the body is done through the male penis. The urethra drains the bladder through the prostate gland where it is joined by the ejaculatory duct, and then onward to the penis. At the root of the penis (the proximal end of the corpus spongiosum) lies the pissing external sphincter muscle. Relaxing the urethra sphincter allows the urine in the upper urethra to enter the penis proper and thus empty the urinary bladder. The part of the urethra in the penis has no muscles, and this serves no physiological function beyond that of a duct. Small amounts of urine usually remaining in the distal portion of the urethra, seeping out after the voluntary expulsion of urine is over.

SCROTUM
scrotum the scrotum is a dual-chambered protuberance of skin and muscle, containing the testicles (numerous nerves and blood vessels) and divided by a septum. The scrotum is homologous to the labia majora in females. It looks like a sack hanging behind the penis and between the legs, both sides with two oval balls inside and that becomes covered withScrotal_tightness_and_testicular_elevation pubic hairs at puberty. The function of the scrotum appears to be to keep the temperature of the testes slightly lower than that of the rest of the body. For human beings, the scrotum temperature should be undescended testicles in a boy about 35-36 degrees Celsius (95-96.8 degrees Fahrenheit) , i.e. one to two degrees Celsius below the accepted normal body temperature of 37 degrees Celsius (98.6 degrees Fahrenheit). Higher temperatures may be damaging to sperm count. According to other authors, the testicles are not directly attached to the skin of the scrotum or Hidden_testicles inside, to keep them outside the abdominal cavity where they would be subjected to the regular changes in abdominal pressure. While an alternative big and small scrotum explanation is to protect the testes from jolts and compressions associated with an active lifestyle. During times of lower temperatures, the “Cremaster muscle” contracts and pulls the scrotum closer to the body, while the “Dartos muscle” gives it a wrinkled Testicle_and_epididymis appearance; when the temperature increases, the Cremaster and Dartos muscles relaxes to bring down the scrotum away from the body and remove the wrinkles respectively. The scrotum remains connected with the abdomen or pelvic cavity by the inguinal canal, where at birth (or later before puberty) the testes go cross to reach the sack.

INTERNAL PARTS OF THE PENIS.


male sex organs The human penis is made up of three columns of tissue: two corpora cavernosa lie next to each other on the dorsal side and one corpus spongiosum lies between them on the ventral side, and the urethra.
The corpus cavernosum penis is one of a pair of sponge-like regions of erectile tissue which contain most of the blood in the penis during penile erection. Erectile tissue is tissue in the body with numerous vascular spaces that may become engorged with blood.
Corpus spongiosum is the mass of spongy tissue surrounding the male penis anatomy urethra in a smaller region along the bottom of the penis. The enlarged and bulbous-shaped end of the corpus spongiosum forms the glans penis, which supports the foreskin. The function of the corpus spongiosum in erection is to prevent the urethra from pinching closed, thereby maintaining the urethra as a viable channel for ejaculation. To do this, the corpus spongiosum remains pliable during erection while the corpora cavernosum penis becomes engorged with blood.
Corpus spongiosum The urethra, which is the last part of the urinary tract, traverses the corpus spongiosum, and its opening, known as the meatus, lies on the tip of the glans penis. It is a passage both for urine and for the ejaculation of semen. During ejaculation, sperm are propelled up the vas deferens, two ducts that pass over and behind the bladder. Fluids are added by the seminal vesicles and the vas deferens turns into the ejaculatory ducts, which join the urethra inside the prostate gland, and the semen is penis structure expelled through the penis. The distal section of the urethra (thanks to penis) does however allow a human male to direct the stream of urine by holding the penis. In cultures where more than a minimum of clothing is worn, the penis allows the male to urinate while standing and orientate the flow.

INTERNAL PART OF SCROTUM
Epididymis
Epididymisis part of the male reproductive system and is a single, narrow, tightly-coiled tube (in adult humans, six to seven meters in length) connecting the efferent ducts from the rear of each testicle to its vas deferens. The epididymis is a whitish mass of tightly coiled tubes cupped against the testicles. It acts as a maturation and storage place for sperm before they pass into the vas deferens, tubes that carry sperm to the ampullary gland and prostatic ducts. Spermatozoa formed in the testis enter the head of epididymis, progress to the corpus, and finally reach the lower region (tail), where they are stored. Sperm entering the epididymis are incomplete – they lack the ability to swim forward (motility) and to fertilize an egg. It stores the sperm for 2–3 months. During their transit in the epididymis, sperm undergo maturation processes necessary for them to acquire these functions.
Vas deferens
scrotum anatomyalso known as the sperm duct, is a thin tube approximately 43 centimetres long that starts from the epididymis to the pelvic cavity and transport sperm from the epididymis in anticipation of ejaculation. There are two ducts, connecting the left and right epididymis to the ejaculatory ducts in order to move sperm. Each tube is about 30 centimeters long and is muscular, surrounded by smooth muscle that during ejaculation contracts reflexively propelling the sperm forward. The sperm is transferred from the vas deferens into the urethra, collecting secretions from the male accessory sex glands such as the seminal vesicles, prostate gland and the bulbourethral glands, which form the bulk of semen.
Accessory glands
are the seminal vesicles, prostate gland, and the bulbourethral glands (Cowper glands).
Three accessory glands provide fluids that lubricate the duct system and nourish the sperm cells.
Seminal vesicles
or vesicular glands are a pair of simple tubular glands posteroinferior to the urinary bladder located within the pelvis. Seminal vesicles are sac-like structures attached to the vas deferens at one side of the bladder. They produce a sticky, yellowish fluid that contains fructose. This fluid provides sperm cells energy and aids in their motility. 70% of the semen is its secretion.
Prostate gland
prostateThe function of the prostate is to secrete a slightly alkaline fluid, milky or white in appearance, that usually constitutes 50–75% of the volume of the semen along with spermatozoa and seminal vesicle fluid. The alkalinity of semen helps neutralize the acidity of the vaginal tract, prolonging the lifespan of sperm. The prostate gland surrounds the ejaculatory ducts at the base of the urethra, just below the bladder and is responsible for the production of semen, a liquid mixture of sperm cells, prostate fluid and seminal fluid. This gland is also responsible for making the semen milky in Prostateappearance by mixing calcium to the semen coming from seminal vesicle (semen coming from the seminal vesicle is transparent in color).
Bulbourethral glands
The bulbourethral glands, also called Cowper glands, are two small exocrine glands present located on the sides of the urethra just below the prostate gland. These glands produce a clear, slippery fluid that empties directly the urethra. During sexual arousal each gland produces a clear, salty, viscous secretion known as pre-ejaculate (pre-cum). This fluid helps to lubricate the urethra for spermatozoa to pass through, neutralizing traces of acidic urine in the urethra.
Testiscle or testis
testicles anatomyThe gonad is the organ that makes gametes. The gonads in males are the testes and the gonads in females are the ovaries. The primary functions of the testes are to produce sperm (spermatogenesis) and to produce androgens, primarily testosterone. It is most common for one testicle to hang lower than the other. While the size of the testicle varies, it is estimated that 21.9% of men have their higher testicle on left side, due to differences in the vascular anatomical structure on the right and left sides. The average testicle size after puberty measures up to around 2 inches long, 0.8 inches in breadth, and 1.2 inches in height (5 x 2 x 3 cm). Each testicle contains very fine coiled tubes called seminiferous tubules. The tubules are lined with a layer of cells (germ cells) that from puberty into old age, develop into sperm cells (also known as spermatozoa or male gametes). The developing sperm travel through the seminiferous tubules to the rete testis to the efferent ducts, and then to testis_structurethe epididymis where newly created sperm cells mature (spermatogenesis). The sperm move into the vas deferens, and are eventually expelled through the urethra and out of the urethral orifice through muscular contractions, called ejaculation (cum).
The term sperm (meaning “seed”) refers to the male reproductive cells. A uniflagellar sperm cell that is motile is referred to as a spermatozoon, whereas a non-motile sperm cell is referred to as a spermatium. The initial spermatozoon process takes around 70 days to complete. The spermatid stage is where the sperm develops the familiar tail. The next stage where it becomes fully mature takes around 60 days when it’s called a spermatozoan. Sperm cells are testis carried out of the male body in a fluid known as semen.  Sperm cells consists of a head 5 µm (micrometer) by 3 µm and a tail 50 µm long (1 micrometer is 1×10−6 of a metre, about 0.000039 inches). Human sperm cells can survive within the female reproductive tract for more than 5 days post coitus. Sperm quantity and quality are the main parameters in semen quality, which is a measure of the ability of semen to accomplish fertilization. Thus, in humans, it is a measure of fertility in a man. A semen analysis typically measures the number of sperm per milliliter of ejaculate, and analyzes the morphology (shape) and motility (ability to swim forward) of the sperm (the typical ejaculate of a healthy, physically mature young Ejaculation_educational_seq_4adult male of reproductive age with no fertility-related problems usually contains 300-500 million spermatozoa. The genetic quality of sperm, as well as its volume and motility, all typically decrease with age. The human sperm cell is haploid, so that its 23 chromosomes can join the 23 chromosomes of the female egg to form a diploid cell (zygote), and transmit our genetic characteristics. In mammals, the sex of the offspring is determined by the male sperm cell: a spermatozoon bearing a Y chromosome will lead Complete_diagram_of_a_human_spermatozoato a male (XY) offspring, while one bearing an X chromosome will lead to a female (XX) offspring—the X chromosome. Unlike women, male gonad never stop to produce sperm, though decreasing with age. The force and amount of semen that will be ejected during an ejaculation will vary widely between men and may contain between 0.1 and 10 milliliters, though volume is affected by the time that Pre-ejaculatehas passed since the previous ejaculation.
The first ejaculation in males often occurs about 12 months after the onset of puberty, generally through masturbation or nocturnal emission (wet dreams). The typical ejaculation over the following three months produces less than 1 ml of semen. The semen produced during early puberty is also typically clear. After ejaculation this early semen remains jellylike and, unlike semen from mature males, fails to liquify. [The liquefaction is the process when the gel formed by proteins from the seminal vesicles is broken up and the semen becomes more liquid. It normally takes less than 20 minutes for the sample to change from a thick gel into a liquid. fertilizationA liquefaction time within 60 minutes is regarded as within normal ranges].  Most first ejaculations (90 percent) lack sperm. Of the few early ejaculations that do contain sperm, the majority of sperm (97%) lack motion. The remaining sperm (3%) have abnormal motion. As the male proceeds through puberty, the semen develops mature characteristics with increasing quantities of normal sperm. Semen produced 12 to 14 months after the first ejaculation liquifies after a short period of time. Within 24 months of the first ejaculation, the semen volume and the quantity and characteristics of the sperm match that of adult male semen.
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References: most of the content is from wikipedia.org