It’s interesting to read the survey carried out by 11 scientific observers, funded by the giant German pharmaceutical Bayer, about the use of condoms by young people in many parts of the world, whose results were released in occasion of the ‘World Contraception Day (WCD)’, a campaign to improve prevention and contraception knowledge. The survey involved 6000 young people from 29 countries in Asia, Europe, Africa, Latin America and United States, with over 600 people in Egypt, and conducted between April and May of this year. They were people between 15 and 24, although some interviewee till 30 in Egypt.
Jennifer Woodside of the “International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF),” says: “The results highlight that too many young people do not have a good knowledge about sex, are not encouraged to ask about contraception and have not received the right information on contraceptive to use to protect themselves from unwanted pregnancies or from sexually transmitted diseases. In addition, young people tell us that they do not receive adequate sex education or receiving incorrect information about sex and sexuality, while some urban myth is still taken into consideration.”
Worldwide, approximately 41% of the 208 million of pregnancies that occur each year are unintended. In addition, each year 20% of teenager is victim of a bacterial infection through sexual contact and the age which these infections occur is decreasing. The English Agency ‘Health Protection’ states that the reported cases of sexually transmitted infections have increased from 12,000 to 482,700 in 2009 and two thirds of them are girls between 15-24. The statistics show that over 40% of young people in Australia, Chile, Colombia, Great Britain, Indonesia, Lithuania, Mexico, Poland, Singapore, Sweden and Turkey have already had unprotected sex, and the percentage rises to over 50% in China, Estonia, Kenya, Korea, Norway and Thailand.
Since 2009, the number of people who have had unprotected sex increased by 19% in Great Britain, with forty-three per cent of sexually active aged 16 to 19 admitting to use no contraception, compared with 36 percent of last year. More than half of polled European (55%) say to receive sex education at school, although 14% of young people in Britain say they have had cases of teachers whose information was inaccurate or untrue. The study also points out that in Europe, Asia, Latin America and United States, the most common reason for not using contraception is a lack of preparation, and up to one third of young people in these countries say they did not have any form of contraception available at the time of intercourse.
The statistics are staggering: about 50% of adolescents under the age of 17 in Latin America and Caribbean are sexually active and the percentage rises significantly in every country if it refers to the ‘heavy petting’, erotic activities that do not involve complete sexual intercourse. The sex and eroticism become quite detached from love, a material need, sharing it by the partners, no longer relegated to the simple and solitary masturbation. All over the world, sex images and porno video have become the norm rather than the exception nowadays, thanks to media and web.
Nearly 40 percent of pregnancies worldwide are unplanned and it is estimated that 22% of them ending in abortion. Experts attribute this increase in unprotected sex to the fact that youngs feel embarrassed to talk about sex with family members or doctors and to the lack of adequate sex education in schools. Ignorance and misinformation about sex lead to consider valid myths even, such as taking a shower to prevent pregnancy after sex or the use of fizz beverages for vaginal washing after the intercourse. Even the immoderate use of alcohol leads adolescents to forget the use of prevention.
15% of people in Asia and 14% in Europe affirm to dislike condom or that their partner prefers not to use it. In Italy the number of people saying to – not like – contraception has increased from 3% in 2010 to 24% today. As many as 23% of young people in Uganda and 13% in Slovenia say they had sex without contraception to avoid to appear bumbling. 32% in India say that there is no reason to use it. In Europe, Latin America and United States about half of the surveyed say they were well informed about contraception (46%, 53% and 53% respectively), but the percentage decreases significantly in African and Asian countries.
According to the study, the percentage of girls who affirm to have had a friend or family member with unplanned pregnancy is increased from 36% in 2009 to 55% this year. Only 55% of girls consider themselves well informed on all contraceptive methods available compared to 62% of boys. 16% of boys and girls consider the “coitus interruptus” (the extraction of the penis just before the ejaculation) an effective form of contraception, with the majority of Egyptian people.
About 85 out of 100 sexually active girls in fertile age, not using any contraceptive method, will be pregnant within a year. In Europe, more than a quarter of women aged 15 to 24 years will not use contraception the first time they will have a sexual intercourse.
In Europe, with the exception of France and Italy, more than half of young people say to use Internet to get information on contraception, while almost half of young polled in Africa and Europe seems to make recourse to ‘withdraw’ method, which unfortunately is not a secure method.
Not everyone knows that today there are various ways of contraception available for men and women. These include condoms (male and female), the pill, the intrauterine contraceptive device (Copper or medicated), the releasing intrauterine system (Mirena), the vaginal ring or vaginal sponge, diaphragm and subcutaneous implants (Norplant ), oral contraceptives, the morning-after pill, and sterilization (tubal ligation and vasectomy).
In 25 states there are educational programs on sex education where they teach abstinence. Some person believes that AIDS is transmitted by the sweat and that some woman could remain sterile after an abortion.
15% do not use contraceptives because they are too drunk when they have sex.
Once home of sex education at school, in the last three years had a boom of relationships at risk: increased by 111%.
Only 31% do not take precautions: half of them are afraid of being discovered by parents, others simply “do not like condoms.”
The country where sex starts early: 80% of sexually active adolescents between 13-19.
Record of unprotected casual sex: the first unprotected intercourse for 58% of teenagers.
Being upside down for two hours or by an intimate lavender-based Coca-Cola, are the ways which 6% of girls consider useful for preventing pregnancy.
Having sex during menstruation is the best time for 25% of boys.
40% do not use contraception and it’s too embarrassing to ask for condom at the pharmacy.
World Capital of coitus interruptus: used by 52% of interviewed.
46% of boys receiving condoms by the parents.