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DISPERSION OF THE ITALIAN ARTISTIC HERITAGE

Published November 18, 2014 by Tony

ITALIAN WORKS OF ART AROUND THE WORLD

The question of the Italian artistic heritage’s dispersion is very complex.
The reason why a so large number of Italian works of art is still in many foreign countries, is due to several factors.
Primarily, because of the misappropriation of the artworks due to foreigners regnant countries, that have made the history of Italy and that have succeeded over the centuries. Then, because of the phenomenon of collecting that has existed in a systematic way for over five centuries, and especially by the fact that from the unification of Italy onwards, the dispersion of the Italian artistic heritage came in succession thru hallucinating procedures and criteria, with the complicity of shrewd antique dealers, officials government, and by compliant and inappropriate laws and rules. Last but not least, the undue subtraction and thefts that constantly have been perpetrated against the Italian artistic heritage.

Rightly, the Napoleonic plunder and the failure in giving back so many masterpieces, is always remembered in this regard, but if such dispossession make us indignant, we must also ask ourselves why in Italy came many other works that were not part of that looting (excluding those that definitely were already out of Italy before the nineteenth century). For the uninitiated, the Napoleonic thefts refer to a number of subtractions of goods, in particular works of art, made during the military conquests of Napoleon Bonaparte. The subsequent peace treaties were the legal instrument used by Napoleon to legitimize these divestitures: between the clauses he considered the artworks as a tribute to war.
In 1799, in the Kingdom of Naples, the General Jean Etienne Championnet put into effect the same policy, as shown by a letter sent to the directorate in the windy year VII (25 February 1799):
« I announce you with pleasure that we have found riches that we thought to have lost. In addition to the arts in chalk of Herculaneum, there are two equestrian statues in marble by Nonius, father and son; Callipygian Venus will not go alone to Paris, because we found in the Porcelain Factory, the superb Agrippina awaiting death; the full-size marble statues of Caligula and Marcus Aurelius, a nice Mercury in bronze, and marble busts of the greatest value, including that of Homer. The convoy will leave in a few days. »


The works stolen by the Nazis and their allies before and during the Second World War, have been millions across Europe, including books and valuable documents. In this regard, we should remember the work done by Rodolfo Siviero, a non-commissioned Carabinieri’s officer, in charge of directing a diplomatic mission to the Allied Military Government in Germany, with the aim to establish the principle of restitution of stolen works to Italy. Since the fifties, and on behalf of the Italian Government, he has dealt systematically a search of all the works of art that were stolen and exported from Italy. This intense activity, which earned him the nickname “art’s 007”, lasts until his death in 1983. During this period Siviero often denounced the lack of attention that government institutions devoted to the problem of the recovery of our artistic heritage.
Berlin 1945-1946, the Second World War is over and the Red Army occupied the city. And here begins the odyssey of many masterpieces  which were secretly taken away by the Russians. According to the calculations of some German experts, the number of works of art disappeared from Germany, at the hands of the Russians, would be about one million of pieces. But we cannot know how many of them came from Italy occupied by the Germans, when Hermann Goering ordered the depredation.

In the past, other artistic commissioners were instructed to “negotiate” the return of looted works but, among compensation, sales and prescriptions, many are no longer returned in Italy. Despite everything, I am consoled by the thought that Italian art would not enjoy such a universal reputation, if its works were not present in some of the greatest museums in the world. Louvre, British Museum, National Gallery in Washington, Metropolitan in New York, Hermitage in Petersburg, Alte Pinakotheke in Monaco of Bavaria, Prado in Madrid and the Kunst Historisches Museum in Vienna, which are visited each year by millions of people from every continent. And in each of those museums the visitor finds ‘Italy’. This “mutual advantage” is perhaps the only reason that heals our consciences.

As mentioned at the beginning, there is no country in the world that has no  Italian historical relic or masterwork on display in their museums, and albeit the largest number can be found in French and English museums, America is no exception.
Although the United States have not their own art history (being officially founded only in 1776), following an optimal and targeted plan of purchase, persisted over the centuries, they hold great examples of classical art, medieval and modern, kept in so egregious way in their museums; the legitimacy of the housing is obviously questionable, despite the sensitivity of the issue: just think of one in all,  to the Chariot of Monteleone di Spoleto now in the Metropolitan museum, illegally transported in New York from the Umbrian city  in 1902, in the same years in which Italy was formulating a law to protect the assets belonging to its National Artistic Heritage.


For Americans who read me, I would like to give a complete listing of all our works that are scattered on their territory, but a systematic and comprehensive research is impossible, and  it will give back an endless list.

I can tell you that about Michelangelo you can see the “Young Archer,” a marble sculpture of 1491, at the Metropolitan Museum in New York, and “The Torment of Saint Anthony” a tempera of 1487, at Fort Worth in Texas.
About Caravaggio you can see, “Marta e Maria Maddalena “, olio su tela  del 1598 all’ Institute of Arts a Detroit. “Sacrificio di Isacco”, olio su tela del 1603 al Princeton,  Barbara Piasecka-Johnson Collection. “San Giovanni Battista”, olio su tela del 1604 al  Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art,  Kansas. “Crocifissione di Sant’Andrea”, olio su tela del 1607 a  Cleveland Museum of Art. “Negazione di San Pietro”, olio su tela del 1609 al Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York e il “San Francesco in Estasi”, al Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art di Hartford.

The Wadsworth Atheneum has other wonderful works of Italian medieval and modern art: sifting in the section relating to his collection on the official website, it is apparent the presence of historically important paintings by Italian artists, such as Ritrovamento di Vulcano, painted  by Piero di Cosimo in 1505; the Ritratto di un uomo in armatura,  1512 by Sebastiano del Piombo; Giuditta e la serva con la testa di Oloferne, 1624, by Orazio Gentileschi; the  Veduta di Piazza San Marco, 1750 by Canaletto;  the Trojan Horse, 1773 painting by Giandomenico Tiepolo.

The National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C.,  has one of the finest art collections in the world.
The strongest collection is the Italian Renaissance collection, which includes two panels from Duccio’s Maesta, the great tondo of the Adoration of the Magi by Fra Angelico and Filippo Lippi, a Botticelli on the same subject, Giorgione’s Allendale Nativity, Giovanni Bellini’s The Feast of the Gods, the only Leonardo da Vinci painting in the Americas, Ginevra de’ Benci; and significant groups of works by Titian and Raphael.

In the Metropolitan Museum of Art you can admire works of Francesco Bartolozzi, Stefano della Bella,  Bartolommeo Bonghi , Guercino (Giovanni Francesco Barbieri),  Parmigianino (Girolamo Francesco M. Mazzola), Francesco Piranesi,  Giovanni Battista Piranesi,  Marcantonio Raimondi,  Raphael (Raffaello Sanzio Santi), Giovanni Giacomo De Rossi,  Antonio Tempesta,  Enea Vico, Francesco Allegrini, Piedmontese, Giuseppe Galli Bibiena,  Giovanni Battista Foggini,  Giovanni Battista Tiepolo,  The Triumph of Fame; (reverse) Impresa of the Medici Family and Arms of the Medici and Tornabuoni Families, Giovanni di ser Giovanni Guidi (called Scheggia),  San Giovanni Valdarno, Alessandro Longhi (Italian, Venice 1733–1813 Venice).
Also, you can see, The Adoration of the Shepherds by Andrea Mantegna, The Birth of the Virgin, Fra Carnevale, Bartolomeo di Giovanni Corradini,  Portrait of a Woman with a Man at a Casement, Fra Filippo Lippi, Saints Peter, Martha, Mary Magdalen, and Leonard, Correggio, Madonna and Child with Angels by Pietro di Domenico da Montepulciano, Madonna and Child with Saints by Giovanni di Paolo di Grazia,  The Entombment and Christ in the Wilderness by Moretto da Brescia, Saint Andrew by Simone, Paradise by Giovanni di Paolo di Grazia, The Adoration of the Magi by Giotto di Bondone, Saint Catherine of Alexandria by Pietro Lorenzetti, The Agony in the Garden and  Madonna and Child Enthroned with Saints by Raffaello Sanzio, Christ Crowned with Thorns by Antonello da Messina, Portrait of a Young Man by Cosimo di Domenico di Bonaventura, Madonna and Child by Vincenzo Foppa, The Flight into Egypt by Cosmè Tura, The Journey of the Magi by Stefano di Giovanni, Portrait of a Young Woman by Lorenzo di Credi, The Resurrection by Perugino, and many others anonymous Italian masterworks.

ART SAFETY

Published May 13, 2013 by Tony

– ARTWORKS ON LOAN –

 "Birth of Venus" by Botticelli

Back to what I have repeatedly stated, namely that Italy is the country with the biggest  concentration of works of art and archaeological finds in the world, the realization that major foreign museums ask for some works to be exhibited in their cities, this endorse my statement.
Works of art that come and go, becoming “loans” worldwide. It seems that nowadays the positive image of Italy is more “conveyed” by its "wooden Crucifix" by Cimabuemasterpieces.

The most beautiful archaeological remains of Pompeii are currently on display in London, and it is a recent news that the “wooden Crucifix” by Cimabue and the “Dancing Satyr” of Mazara del Vallo will be exhibited in a museum in the United States.
In 2010 fifty masterpieces of the Italian Baroque of inestimable value were exposed to the Smithsonian Institute in Florida and in the Italian Museum of Fitzgerald Foundation of Florence, while last July, 67 works of art from Florence,  they were useful to the Chinese to celebrate the centenary of the birth the National Museum in Beijing."Dancing Satyr", Mazara-del-Vallo-IV-sec.-a.C., Mazara-del-Vallo-IV-sec.-a.C.
Many Sicilian artworks are around:  the Auriga‘s marble from museum of Mozia, a work unique in its kind, sent to London as a result of trade agreements at the Olympic Games, and now in Malibu, in the Getty Museum, where it will be on display until August 2013; the Efebo of Selinunte is located in Shanghai on display at the exhibition organized for the Triennial, which will close on January, 2013; the Dancing Satyr, sculpture of extraordinary beauty attributed to the school of Lysippos, from Mazara del Vallo is in Shanghai for the Expo, along with the “Aries” from the archaeological Museum of Efebo of Selinunte
Salinas in Palermo.
Yet, the Satyr, Aries and Auriga are part of the twenty-one works that should be immovable, but, on the contrary, they continue to travel by special permits that let them be away also for long periods.
In 2007 there was controversy on the “Annunciation” by Leonardo, which left Italy to reach Tokyo. And while the borrowing request about  the “Birth of Venus” by Botticelli of some non-European countries is still being considered, the foreign tour of “Riace bronzes” has always been rejected by the archaeological superintendent of Calabria, events that reopen the debate on whether or not works of arts, preserved in our museums, should  travel around.Riace bronzes

I do not want to be accused of catastrophism, but those who has even a bit of acquaintance with this subject knows that the displacement of ancient works is always a risk, even without wanting to get to extreme cases such as the “Le peintre” by Pablo Picasso, destroyed in a plane crash on September 2, 1998
In addition, beyond the risks, an ethic issue should give any visitor, especially if coming from a distance, the right to find in a museum every work that is there stored.

"Annunciation" by LeonardoAnd last but not the least, the possibility that the exhibition of works of art in different states can be disadvantageous for the tourism in Italy. Something that this country needs, and  by way of example I can say that if I had the chance to see “Mona Lisa” by Leonardo, here in my country, I would certainly have  one “less reason” for visiting the Louvre… uh?!

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IMPOSSIBLE CREATURES

Published March 2, 2013 by Tony

HUMAN FREAKS ?
RARE DEFORMITIES

In the history of medicine, over the time, numerous cases of rare diseases or malformations have been reported and documented, and from the time of the daguerreotype on many of them were also immortalized. Singular cases, sometimes so bizarre and abnormal to create real monstrosity. For this reason, in the past centuries, some of these people became phenomena attraction for circuses (freaks) or part of the collections of medical and scientific museums. I cannot deny that during this photographic search, came across some picture and testimonial so disturbing and strong to bring me to exclude some of them, and though these images show unusual syndromes, I tried to select the older one. Where specified, you will find the type of disease, the time, and the name of the subject.

Elephantiasis Cases
[A disease characterized by the thickening of the skin and underlying tissues, due to a microscopic parasitic worms]

Joseph Carey Merrick

Joseph Carey Merrick
(5 August 1862 – 11 April 1890),  was an English man with severe deformities who was exhibited as a human curiosity named the Elephant Man.

elephantiasis elephantiasis
elephantiasis Baron Raimund von Stillfried, (1839 – 1911), was an Austrian photographer.
Bellevue Venus- Oscar G. Mason's portrait “Bellevue Venus” portrait.
Oscar G. Mason (1830 – March 16, 1921), better known was an American photographer and radiographer at the department of Bellevue Hospital in NYC.

Hands and Legs Deformity

lobster boy

Grady Franklin Stiles, Jr. (1937 – 1992) known as Lobster Boy”,was a freak show performer with ectrodactyly deformity, in which fingers and toes are fused together to form claw-like extremities.

Marfan syndrome Marfan syndrome is a genetic disorder of the connective tissue. People with Marfan tend to be unusually tall, with long limbs and long, thin fingers.
Ella Harper Ella Harper (born in Tennessee in 1873), known as the “Camel Girl“,was born with an orthopedic condition that caused her knees to bend backwards.
Blanche Dumas Blanche Dumas was born on the Caribbean island of Martinique in 1860. and had a third leg attached to her sacrum. Her pelvis was wider than normal and with double genitalia.
legless
Francesco Lentini Francesco Lentini (1881-1966) was born in Sicily with with three legs, and two sets of functioning male genitals.
hugh baily Hugh or Huey Baily was born in Louisiana around 1936 and appears to have had OI or very rare type of dwarfism.
Johnny Eck the “Half-Boy” with his twin brother Robert Johnny Eck, (Baltimore 1911 – 1991), an American freak show performer and was born with a birth defect that deprived him of the entire lower part of the body, starting from the end of the ribcage. Although equipped with pelvis, feet and legs, they were minute, malformed and non-functional.
John Dougs John Doogs, known professionally as Nicodemus, was born in 1863 with two shortened legs and one truncated arm
Acromesomelic Dysplasia Cases of Acromesomelic Dysplasia
Prince Randian Prince Randian or Prince Rardion (ca. 1871 – 1934), also known as The Snake Man, The Living Torso, The Human Caterpillar, a famous limbless American performer, was born with tetra-amelia syndrome.
Sirenomelia is a rare congenital malformation Sirenomelia, known as Mermaid Syndrome, is a very rare congenital deformity in which the legs are fused together, giving them the appearance of a mermaid’s tail.
Mutter Willard Family

Historic Medical Photographs, a photograph from the Willard work at Mütter Museum

myrtle corbin Josephene Myrtle Corbin (1868 Tennessee, 1928 Texas) was born with a dipygus, two separate pelvises side by side from the waist down.
Dwarfism, Gigantism,  Obesity
          
Francis Joseph Flynn Francis Joseph Flynn (1864–1898), known as General Mite, was an American who performed as a showman at various competitions as the smallest man in the word. The back of one of his Cart-de-Visite photos states that at 16 years old, he was 22 inches in height and 9 pounds.
Achondroplasia
Carrie Akers Carrie Akers was a double feature in the world of sideshow – she was both a midget and a Fat Lady. While the date of her birth is not certain, Carrie  weighed a purported 309 pounds and stood only 34 inches tall.
tumblr_lxjjjeNmAK1r84gmfo1_400 Medusa Van Allen (1908-1943), “The Sunshine Girl”. After she was born, her bones never grew, (only her head) making it impossible to even sit up. She exhibited with Ripley’s in the 1930’s
gantz
John William Rogan (1868-1905) Sumner County, Tennessee John William Rogan (1868-1905),Tennessee, is one of 17 known people in medical history to reach a height of 8 feet (2.44 m) or more.
Robert Wadlow reached 8’11.1” (272 cm) Robert Pershing Wadlow (1918–1940) is the tallest person in history. Sometimes known as the Alton Giant or Giant of Illinois Wadlow reached 8 ft 11.1 in (2.72 m)in height and weighed 439 lb (199 kg) at his death at age 22.
Robert Earl Hughes, over 1,000 pounds Robert Earl Hughes (1926 – 1958) was, during his lifetime, the heaviest human being recorded in the history. Hughes was born in Illinois an at the age of six, he weighed about 92 kilograms (200 lb), while later the highest and confirmed was 1,041 pounds (472 kg).
The Living Skeleton by jack_mord Isaac W. Sprague (1841-1887), Bridgewater MA, called the ”Living Skeleton”, at the age of 12 he began rapidly losing weight despite having a healthy appetite. He apparently suffered from an extreme case of muscular atrophy, having a weigh less than 50 pounds.

GOITRE
[or goiter is a swelling of the thyroid gland which can lead to a swelling of the neck or larynx

goiter struma

Genitals Abnormalities

ectopic_testis genital cysts
scrotal elefantiasis elephantisis
hermaphrodite Mutter Museum archive
Intersex is a variation in sex characteristics including chromosomes, gonads, and genitals that do not allow an individual to be distinctly identified as female/male sex binary. Such variation may involve genital ambiguity.
Mutter Museum Theodore, a four year-old boy with precociously developed adult genitalia. The physician was Dr. Robert King Stone (1822-1872), a professor of physiological anatomy in the National Medical College at Washington. Mütter Museum.
Precocious Puberty Picture-of-Kids-suffering-from-Early-Puberty
Precocious%20puberty As a medical term, precocious puberty describes puberty occurring at an unusually early age. In most of these children, the process is normal in every respect except the unusually early age, and simply represents a variation of normal development. In a minority of children, the early development is triggered by a disease.
early puberty transactions
 Il portoghese Ean (or Juan) Baptista dos SantosJean (or Juan) Baptista dos Santos was born in Portugal around 1843.It was not dos Santos’ three legs that most
excited medical men, but his double genitalia. He possessed two functioning penes and three scrota, the outer two of which each contained a single testis. Wrote the photographer C.D. Fredericks, creator of the only known photograph of dos Santos, in 1865, “….He functionates with both of the penes, finishing with one, then continues with the other.” He urinated and achieved erections with both penes simultaneously.
Parasitic genitals twin parasitic genitals

Hyper –

trichosis

 [also called Ambras syndrome is an abnormal amount of hair growth on the body.  Extensive cases of hypertrichosis have  informally been called werewolf syndrome]
jo jo The Russian Fedor Jeftichew (1868 – 1904), known as “Jo-Jo the Dog-Faced Man”, became a famous sideshow performer in United States of America.
Stephan Bibrowsky Stephan Bibrowski (Poland, 1891–1932), better known as Lionel the Lion-faced Man, was a famous sideshow performer.
Ambras syndrome A recent example of Ambras Syndrome. A  girl named Supatra, from Thailand, with thick hair growing оver hеr fаce, еars, аrms, lеgs аnd bаck. Nоthing cоuld stоp the hair growth, even laser treatment.

Conjoined twins

and Parasitism

[A rare phenomenon of identical twins whose bodies are joined in utero. Parasitic twins occur when an embryo begins developing in
 utero, but the pair does not fully  separate, and one embryo maintains dominant development at the expense of the other.]
Pascual Pignon Pasqual Pinon (1889–1929), known as The Two-Headed Mexican, was a performer with the Sells-Floto Circus in the early 1900s.
tocci Giacomo and Giovanni Battista Tocci were Dicephalic conjoined twins born in Italy between 1875 and 1877.
parasitism

Cutaneous Horn

Madame Dimanche Madame Dimanche, called Widow Sunday, a French woman living in Paris in the early 19th century, grew, in six years from the age of 76, a 24.9 cm (9.8″) horn from her forehead before it was successfully removed.
Wang exhibit in Ripley’s Museum Wang, a Chinese farmer from Manchuria, had a 13-inch horn protruding from the back of his head. This 1930 photo was featured in Ripley’s Believe It Or Not!

Others malformations

Monosomy X abortus
Cyclocephalus
Early documented case of progeria, c. 1905._400
Thalidomide effects

LEOPOLD MUSEUM

Published February 20, 2013 by Tony

“Nackte Männer” in Art
“Naked Men” Exhibition

Leopold Museum

The more than 5,000 exhibits collected by Elisabeth and Rudolf Leopold (art collectors) over five decades were consolidated in 2001, with the assistance of the Republic of Austria and the National Bank of Austria, into the Leopold Museum Private Foundation, when the Museum opened.
Today, the Leopold Museum, housed in the Museumsquartier in Vienna, is home to one of the largest collections of modern Austrian art, featuring artists such as Gustav Klimt, Oskar Kokoschka, Richard Gerstl, and with the world’s largest Egon Schiele collection.

Since autumn of 2012, with the presentation “Nackte Männer” (“Naked Men”), a long overdue exhibition by the Austrian artist  Ilse Haider, the museum is exhibiting diverse and changing depictions of naked men from 1800 to the present.
Thanks to loans from all over Europe, this exhibition offers an unprecedented overview of the depiction of male nudes, starting with the period of Enlightenment in the 18th century. The presentation focuses mainly on the time around 1800, on tendencies of Salon Art, as well as on art around 1900 and after 1945. At the same time, the exhibition also displays important reference works from ancient Egypt, examples of Greek vase painting and works of the Renaissance. Spanning two centuries, the presentation shows different artistic approaches to the subject, competing ideas of the ideal male model as well as changes in the concept of beauty, body image and values. The exhibition brings together nearly 300 works by almost 100 artists from Europe and the USA.

Due to striking success, the exhibition, meant to close on 21st January, was extended through 24 March 2013 and the museum also invited several nudist associations to come and spend an evening undressed in the museum. Life imitating art! The 18 February was chosen for this atypical evening with aficionados of naturism, so no need to do it behind closed doors, at least!
Below some picture of the exposition, if you want see them.

Of course, such a show could not pass unnoticed by inevitable moralists on duty and prudish people.
The promotional poster, featuring a photo called ‘Vive La France’ by French artists Pierre & Gille, and depicting three naked players stood on a pitch under a shower of confetti, immediately was censored after a series of complaints. The organizers agreed to cover up their privates, but in the absence of other, I thought they would have the balls to stand their ground.
Days before its debut, the visual advertisement made by a 13-foot full-frontal photo sculpture of a reclining naked man (called Mr. Big, by  Ilse Haider),  part of the provocative campaign to tease the launch of the exhibition, also was criticized.

Nackte Männer
Although the exhibition has caused considerable local controversy, it should get a positive judgment since until today, exhibitions on the subject “nudity” have dealt primarily with images of female nudes, while male nude, unlike ancient times, still is viewed with suspicion and considered more obscene than the female. Female nudes that radically overpower their male counterparts in most museums. Recently, the so-called “weenie counts”, conducted around the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, found that only 15% of nude forms in the museum were male. What’s the deal?  An inexplicable human race’s contradiction, probably due to the evolution and civilization that anyhow makes no sense.

(Click on the image to magnify)

Anton Kolig (1886-1950)

Bruce Nauman, Untitled (Five Marching Men), (1985)

Elmgreen & Dragset, Shepherd Boy

François-Léon Benouville, Achills Zorn, (1847)

Robert Mapplethorpe

thomas_ruff_nudes_vg_02-(1958)

Wilhelm von Gloeden, Flute concert, 1905

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WEIRD MUSEUMS

Published October 10, 2012 by Tony

BIZZARRE WORLDWIDE MUSEUMS

When it comes to museums, it is natural to think of those where we can see famous works of art or ancient archaeological finds, and so one is surprised to know that there is a museum about menstruation or taps, even! On the web, it is easy to find information about these bizarre museums around the world and for this virtual tour I chose the best known ones.

I noted with interest that at the top as most visited museum is the “Icelandic Phallological Museum” in Reykjavík, with more than 5000 visits per year. It is a museum of penises, with more than 276 specimens from hunting trophies or bodies embalmed and dried. It was born in 1974, through the work of Sigurður Hjartarsonsi, a former professor of Icelandic history, and at the beginning were shown only penises of some animals (not living in Iceland) and of fantasy (elves, trolls, monsters). But the goal was and is to have a penis’ specimen of all mammals in Iceland, including extinct species. Since a “human” model was missing,  one of the older people of the island, the Icelander explorer and womanizer Páll Arason born in 1915, gave ‘his own’ to the museum. By a written document, the founder’s doctor will take care of these particular findings after Hjartarsonsi death.

The ranking of the best weird museums follows with the “FROG MUSEUMin Switzerland. At the end of the nineteenth century, the Swiss Guard François Perrier was so attracted by the frogs who began to explore new and strange ways to embalm them, making the body flexible and suitable for any kind of manipulation. So, with the bodies of 108 frogs filled with sand, composed the first “tableaux vivants”, ie compositions of fantasy in which frogs make a parody of human situations…. while at school, at the table while eating, playing cards, etc..  The compositions are preserved in the museum of regional Estavayer-le-Lac in the canton of Fribourg, and even if it has a collection of lamps and lanterns,  it is well known as the Museum of frogs.

Instead of going in Massachusetts, we can visit comfortably from home the “TOILET MUSEUMor the museum of bathrooms online. Here you can find many historical WC and vintage toilet paper’s images from around the world, carefully collected by the editor Burt Stark. The idea was born in 1982, but only in 1998 Stark has actually started to collect images, which come from various sources: comics, photos, newspapers, movie scenes, etc.. Clicking on a virtual flush, you enter the site divided into various categories, from the classics such as “Ladies Room” and “Mens Room”, to the most extravagant as “Animals bathroom”, “Bathroom Christmas” or “Bathrooms sounds.” Do not miss the section dedicated to e-commerce and themed e-cards.

Continuing the theme, in Italy, in San Maurizio d’Opaglio (NO), there is the “MUSEUM OF TAPand its technology. Here you will find faucets rare, unusual and curious, with historical insights from the Greeks to the present day.

Unusual also the “HAIR MUSEUM”  owned by a certain Leila in Independence, USA, with wigs, combs and tools, but also and mainly human hair, dating back to the eighteenth century, with more than 300 pieces woven into beautiful garlands.

In the lower part of the ranking we find the “BATA SHOES MUSEUMin Toronto, Canada. One of the largest exhibitions in the world of shoes in a futuristic building that contains more than 10,000 specimens, from the ancient Egyptians to the present day.

 

You could find it only in Italy, the “MUSEUM OF PASTA”, and precisely near the Trevi Fountain in Rome. Opened in 1993 with an exhibition on two levels, covers eight centuries of history of this staple food of the Italians. Production equipment, nutritional information, the pasta as ancient and contemporary art, its short history in general.

The “MUSEUM OF MENSTRUATIONyou can not believe, but it really exists and is called “MuM”. For now it is only open “online”, as the official headquarters is a basement of Hyattsville, a small town in Maryland and the creator is Harry Finley, the patron of Tampax, who works for the federal government of the United States in Washington. The menu on the left of the page gives you an idea of the very extensive subjects that the site deals with. Advertisement of the first absorbent, their history with different types and models, scientific news, and more.

The “MUSEUM OF VOODOO” in New Orleans has the exact name of “Voodoo Spiritual Temple” and concerns an activity run by Priestess Miriam Chamani that follows the traditions of her ancestors. In this temple rites are celebrated mainly spiritual healing, based on voodoo American Afro-centric derived from the power of the spirit on the people who live in friendship.

You can find the “MUSEUM OF HORROR” called “Profondo Rosso” of the horror director Dario Argento, in Rome. Here you also can try on your own skin the emotions experienced by the protagonists of his films…

Americans could not miss a “PEANUTS MUSEUM”,  the American symbol par excellence! We are in Connecticut and her (deceased) creator stated: “Nuts have a heart. Hard and pricky sometimes on the outside, but soft and sweet on the inside. That’s my philosophy.”

 

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