All posts tagged program


Published April 3, 2013 by Tony


What do children study in Italian elementary school?
In Italy, children aged from three to five attend nursery school or kindergarten, followed by primary school, called elementary school, which has a duration of five years, and for children aged 6 and above. In elementary school, upon request, parents can choose between “single teacher class” (one teacher for each classroom), or the “didactic module“, consisting of three or four teachers holder of a different subject area (linguistic-expressive mathematical-scientific, anthropological).
Most primary schools are “full time”, i.e. where the school day is divided over 40 hours per week, from Monday to Friday, 8 hours per day, and in these cases there is a school canteen.
In each class two co-owners teachers alternate in the morning and in the afternoon, with preset times and different discipline areas to teach. Education is based on the following disciplines:

Italian, English, History, Geography, Mathematics, Science, Technology and IT, Music, Art and Design, Physical Education and Catholic Religion, topics which, from the first year until the fifth, are step by step deepened.
With regard to the most important subjects:


Children who begin the first year of primary school are already able to read and write, but the teaching starts with giving more knowledge of Italian, through:
research and writing of words containing double consonants, plural forms of nouns (ending with the four vowels a, e, i, o, u), the use of adjectives and adverbs, time and manner of verbs, the creation of simple phrases that makes sense.
The study of Italian grammar is gradually deepened in subsequent years and, through reading, study of famous poetries and fictions, and subjecting elaboration of essays and recaps, to the pupil is given the opportunity to write more correctly in Italian.

In the first year of primary school, children should already be able to count and teaching begins with the arithmetic basic rules, through the memorization of multiplication tables, with the study and execution of the four algebraic operations (addition, subtraction, multiplication, division). During the five years, the child will know the basic principles of algebra and geometry, finishing the course with the knowledge of fractions, and binomials.

The study of human history begins with the prehistory and continues through the course of five years from the great civilizations up to the Roman.


The study of geography begins with the knowledge of landscapes and the concept of orientation until to study the physical and economic geography of Italy and its regions.


It starts with knowledge about elements, natural phenomena, passing from Animal Kingdom to the study of the human body.



It starts with the knowledge of common words until to be able to compose simple sentences and their translations.



At the end of the fifth years, children who are eligible to continue, pass to the next compulsory course of study, the lower secondary school (known as middle school) for a period of three years.



Published February 21, 2013 by Tony


A Way to do Publicity in TV

In 1957, the RAI (initial of Italian Radiotelevision), decided to start broadcasting advertisements, and for this innovation it needed an appropriate format, because a law then in force did not allow advertising in any evening show, and not before a period of ninety seconds from the beginning of the same.
And so, the television program called “CAROSELLO” (Carousel), was born, which went on the air for 20 years, from February 1957 to January 1977, on the then single national network (now called RAI 1), for a total of 7261 episodes.
“Carosello” was daily broadcasted, from 20:50 to 21:00, and was discontinued only in rare occasions, such as the Pope’s death, the killing of Kennedy or during the landing of the spacecraft Apollo 14 on the Moon.
The rigid format was not only a “spot” container, but consisted of a series of films (shorts), sketch theater comedy-style with musical interludes, or cartoons, then followed by the advertisements. Everything was predetermined, like the number of seconds devoted to advertising, the number of citations of the advertised product, as well as the number of seconds to devote to the show, whose plot often was unrelated to the product itself.
The main rule of Carosello was that each show (lasting 1 minute and 45 seconds), had to be strictly separated and distinguished from the mere publicity, while the “product” (réclame) had to be mentioned only at the end of the sketch, which often lavished a promise towards the quality of the product itself. Almost all the known “brands” of the time were advertised through this program.
In the creation of most Carosello shows have participated famous directors such as Luciano Emmer, Age and Scarpelli, Luigi Magni, Gillo Pontecorvo, Ermanno Olmi, Sergio Leone, Hugh Gregory, Pupi Avati, Pier Paolo Pasolini, Federico Fellini, Richard Lester, and famous actors like Toto, Erminio Macario, Gilberto Govi, Vittorio Gassman, Dario Fo, Mina, Ernesto Calindri, Nino Manfredi, Virna Lisi, Gino Bramieri, Raimondo Vianello, Gino Cervi, Fernandel, Eduardo De Filippo, Jerry Lewis, Jayne Mansfield, Orson Welles, Yul Brynner.
The beginning of “Carosello” was an animation depicting the opening of a curtain marked by a piece of music that resembled a kind of fanfare.
In addition to introducing the innovation of réclame, this solution was the way to do it by inserting advertisements in a context that had the advantage of making them pleasant, and for this Carosello was a huge success, remaining for many years one of the most viewed program, very loved by adults and children. Over the years it became a typical “Italian family” evening appointment, to the point that even the common saying (addressed the children), “in bed after Carousel” was born on that time.
Today, Carosello is part of Italian TV history, and although the new generations do not know it, its memory still is alive in our minds, and maybe it has been this nostalgia along with the need to heal the RAI finances, which some leaders have thought to reintroduce this format. It is said that as early as next March, Carosello again will be broadcasted on the national network, in a revised and adapted version.

Here, some old sketch, shorts or cartoons transmitted during Carosello.–m-AELY